The Borough publishes an
annual report on
water quality. It's responsibility is to
deliver potable water to residents that meet
certain government health standards. These
standards do not include limits on hardness or
content of certain minerals, protien or harmless bacteria
that may make it safe but unpleasant.
Mayor Simpkins also recently
wrote a letter
describing the towns efforts to control iron
As a community service, the following
information is published for your use in
deciding what if anything you wish to do to
improve the quality of your water supply.
Please share your experience with your
neighbors. Your contributions to this page are
E-mail the webmaster.
10/3/2007 Rent a
maintenance free water conditioning system
Dick Kobrin has
known David Zastavny from Rainsoft in Vincentown
for over 15 years. He asked him to come up with
an affordable solution to our water issues.
David's flyer outlines his rental program. This
option is provided for those of you who would
prefer to rent a maintenance free system as
opposed to owning one.
Click here to see his
flier and feel free to contact David for more
10/20/2007 Dick and Sue
Kobrin Install a unit from Rainsoft
have a conventional softener and whole house
carbon filter. The softener regenerates with
potassium chloride (Trade name K-Life) and adds
a small amount of potassium to the water instead
of sodium. The carbon filter takes out sediment
and chlorine from the whole house and we skipped
the reverse osmosis unit. It's a maintenance
free rental program. $ 300 for the install and $
40.00 per month plus tax. They supply all of the
K-Life and change the carbon every 2 years. 4
times a year they come out and fill the "salt"
tank and check the unit out. There is also an
option to purchase.
did not change any of the plumbing other than to
tie into the water line and run a drain for the
never had the sulfur smell that other's have
talked about. Only odor was strong chlorine and
that is gone. If the smell is sulfur, the carbon
tank should take care of it but I would strongly
suggest that anyone who is looking to buy has
the water tested first and asks the "specialist"
any questions. Most companies have Water Quality
Association Specialists on board who will check
the water at no charge. Beware of over priced
units with a strong sales pitch
deal if you don't want a large out of pocket
Thanks to all of you who took the time to
respond to my e-mail several weeks ago.
Since no one explicitly stated that I could
quote them, I won't. I can tell you that
people experience a range of issues from none to
everything that we've experienced and documented
couple of weeks ago I engaged
Resources to install a water softener and a
Reverse Osmosis (RO) system. The price was
exactly as they quoted and significantly less
than the competition. I believe the
quality of the equipment to be every bit as good
and just as effective. There was an additional
cost of $175 to have a 0.5" hole drilled in the
granite counter for the RO Faucet. This was done by
Tabernacle Granite and Marble.
entire system, including the RO was installed in
the basement at the point of entry for the city
water. That is also close to the sewer
line which made a convenient connection for back
washing. The installation was done at the
scheduled time. The RO is normally
installed under the sink which takes up every
bit of usable space. They were able to
accommodate me and install that system in the
basement over the softener. The pressure
tank was installed in the beams to minimize any
pressure drop. We have plenty of pressure
at the kitchen sink.
only down side of the installation was that they
ran a new line for the refrigerator rather than
using the line already installed by Ryan.
It's a small issue but a bit of an annoyance.
the installation, which included shocking the
system with Hydrogen Peroxide, we have had no
hydrogen sulfide odor; no yellow deposit in the
toilet; the clothes come out of the drier soft
as a feather; the dishes and stainless pans
sparkle when removed from the washer; the RO
water is clear and tastless as water should be;
and the ice cubes from fridge are crystal clear
and impart no taste to the drink even when
drinking pure melted cubes.
softeners are notorious for adding Sodium.
The alternative is to use Potassium Chloride.
If you have high blood pressure you want to
avoid sodium. if you have kidney problems
you want to avoid potassium. The way out
is to use RO to remove the majority of both ions
from the water for cooking and drinking.
If you are not concerned about the increase in
sodium (or potassium), the water provided from
the softener is quite fit for all uses. I
actually cook with it and just adjust what
little salt I might add.
of you have effervescence when you first turn on
the faucet in the morning. That condition
still persists and is probably due to dissolved
air, forced into the water by the high line
pressure. When the faucet is first turned
on the sudden pressure drop allows the rapid
release of the gas causing the effervescence.
There is no Hydrogen Sulfide smell emanating
from the escaping air as there was before the
treatment. The theory is that there were
bacteria introduced into the plastic piping of
the house during construction which fed on
proteins in the water producing the gas which
then dissolved only to be released with the air.
The fact that the hydrogen peroxide treatment
seems to have solved that problem lends credence
to the theory.
know that there are those among you who feel
that the problems we have are the responsibility
of the town. Surely they are responsible
to provide us with potable water that meets all
the standards set by the State and Federal
authorities. They do this and provide an
of the water quality. The pH of the water
is well controlled. The mineral content is
within acceptable standards albeit on the high
side. If the hydrogen sulfide is from bacteria
in the house lines, then the responsibility for
eliminating that falls on the home owner or Ryan
are those among us who choose not to live with
the water as it is delivered. We are free
to add systems to correct the inadequacies.
Providing this type of conditioning on a global
level would not be at all cost effective.
For example, you would not want to water your
lawn with conditioned water although you might
like to use it to wash your car.
our theory is correct, the hydrogen sulfide can
be corrected by treating the pipes in the home
with Hydrogen Peroxide. This is an
inexpensive solution and does not require the
installation of other conditioning equipment.
While this odor is unpleasant, it does not
represent a health threat.
hope you have found this discussion helpful in
making your own decision about what you want to
do. If I can be of any further assistance,
please don't hesitate to
Problem: When washing clothes not
even fabric softener will soften the
towels. The water has a slightly yellowish
cast to it. When clear plastic water
bottles are refilled, they become coated
with a brownish layer. When the water from
a faucet is first run, there is an
unpleasant rotten egg odor which dissipates
quickly. The water does not have an
unpleasant taste but iit s
not clear. The dish washer tends to leave
pots and glassware spotted.
The Cause: The water hardness was
measured at 8 grains per gallon. The scale
ranges from 1 to 10 with anything under 1
being considered soft and anything over 10
being considered very hard. Hard water
requires more soap and synthetic detergents
for home laundry and washing, and
contributes to scaling in boilers. Hardness
is caused by compounds of calcium and
magnesium, and by a variety of other metals.
Water is an excellent solvent and readily
dissolves minerals it comes in contact with.
As water moves through soil and rock, it
dissolves very small amounts of minerals and
holds them in solution. Calcium and
magnesium dissolved in water are the two
most common minerals that make water "hard."
Both suspended and dissolved forms of Iron
were also found to be present
according to Culligan. Iron is one
of the most common elements found in nature
accounting for at least 5% of the earth's
crust. It is understandable, therefore, that
just about all water supplies contain some
measurable amount of iron. Iron stains and
contaminates anything it contacts. The
resulting stains are usually yellowish-brown
to reddish-brown, but may be gray to black
in the presence of some organics. Iron may
also cause undesirable odors and tastes in
The pH of the water was tested and found to
be 7.5 which Is just slightly basic, 7 being
neutral; anything lest than 7 is considered
acidic; anything greater than 7 is
considered basic or alkaline. We have no
problem with the pH of our water.
The source of the “rotten egg” odor is
unclear. The most likely cause is harmless Bacteria which feed on the dissolved
iron or proteins in the water system. It is interesting
that others in the community are not
experiencing this problem. We therefore
suspect that somehow these organisms have
been trapped in our system during
construction. The odor is
likely the result of these organisms dying
did the above testing. Their
remediation included a filter on the primary
feed to the domestic water system which will
trap particulates such as suspended iron
particles. The water will then pass through
an ion exchange tank which will remove
dissolved metal compounds including but not
limited to calcium, magnesium and iron.
This “water softener” will provide treated
water to the whole house including the hose
bibs but excluding the sprinkler system..
One side effect of the softener is that it
increases the sodium content of the water.
It uses the sodium ion to replace the larger
metallic ions. The sodium salts that
result have no impact on the water hardness.
The increase in sodium content is undesirable from a health
perspective for many seniors. The
alternative of using the more expensive
potassium salt is not attractive to those
with impaired kidney function.
Therefore a Reverse Osmosis system will be
placed under the kitchen sink to remove
these soluble salts and provide
drinking water and ice cubes free of all chemical
The "rotten egg" odor will presumably cease
to be a problem once the iron is removed
from the water and the food for the bacteria
is eliminated. In order to purge them
from the piping the entire system will
be shocked with a high concentration of
chlorine that will kill any existing
organisms. Once this is completed
there should be no further odor.
The price quoted was just under $3500 for
Water Resources of NJ also performed
tests on the water and confirmed the above
results except for the iron. Their
qualitative test did not show iron dissolved
in the water They did observe turbidity
which could be from insoluble iron or other
impurities and sediment. They recommend an
ion exchange softener as above to control
the hardness. A Reverse Osmosis system
was recommended as above to reduce the
sodium content and to remove other
impurities and provide pure filtered
drinking water and ice cubes. They will also
shock the entire system with Hydrogen
Peroxide to eliminate any residual bacteria
residing in the plumbing. The price
quoted was $2000.